The utility model relates to an elevator self-rescue device. The elevator self-rescue device comprises fixed devices. The fixed devices are fixed on the surface of the upper end in an elevator and comprise shells, magnets and springs. Cavities are formed in the shells, and openings are formed in the lower ends of the shells and communicated with the cavities in the shells. The magnets are located in the cavities of the shells. The springs penetrate through the openings in the lower ends of the shells and are connected with the magnets, and the springs pull to drive the magnets to move. According to the elevator self-rescue device, pull rings can be pulled to drive the magnets to move, so that the repulsive force between the springs and the magnets relieves downward impact force of the human body when the elevator falls; besides, an airbag can be started through an emergency button, so that the airbag is inflated, and the situation that the human body is hurt due to the impact between the human body and the bottom of the elevator is avoided.